Sunday, February 13, 2011

Bagaimana menggunakan tachymeter.

Jika anda menggunakan jam chronograph, kebiasaannya terdapat bezel yang mencatatkan skala tachymeter. Apakah fungsi dan bagaimana menggunakan tachymeter tersebut. Selepas bertanya pada pak cik google, inilah yang saya dapat:

Tachymeter on analog watches.
On some of the analog watches or wristwatches from Swiss Military-Hanowa, there is an outer scale bezel that inscribed around the rim and named tachymeter (also known as tachymeter or tacheometer). If you flip through the watch’s user guide or manual, you will not likely to find any explanation or definition on what is tachymeter or how to use the tachymeter functionality. Tachymeter is actually a tool used to compute speed based on travel time over a fixed distance travelled (like one mile or one kilometre). Thus, the tachymeter bezel or dial is a logarithmic scale (actually it’s not, as spacings between the marks on the tachymeter dial are proportional to 1/t where t is the elapsed time) that simplifies the computation of speed of an object, by computing the following function: Tachymeter Dial = 3600 / Elapsed Time In Seconds.

Depending on the range of the scale printed on the bezel, tachymeter timer normally works and valid for all elapsed times from about 7.2 seconds to 60 seconds, thus only able to measure speed greater than 60 miles per hour or 60 Kilometres per hour.

To use tachymeter, simply start the chronograph or stopwatch when the object measured passing the starting line. When the object reaches the next mile or Kilometre marker, stop the chronograph or stopwatch. The point on the tachymeter scale that adjacent to the second hand of the watch indicating the speed (in miles per hour or kilometres per hour) of object travelling between the two points. For example, we want to measure the average speed of a vehicle is moving. Start the chronometer or stopwatch function when the car passes the starting line, and stop the timer after the vehicle travelled exactly 1 mile or 1 kilometre. Then look at where the chronometer hand (the second hand of the watch) is pointing to, and get the reading or value of the corresponding number at the tachymeter bezel or dial. Let’s say the stopwatch stop at 3 o’clock position, meaning 15 seconds had elapsed for the car to travel 1 mile or 1 kilometre. At 3 o’clock position, the tachymeter value shows that number of 240, which means the average speed of the vehicle, was 240 mph or km/h.

Due to the limitation and constraint on the tachymeter scale mentioned above which makes tachymeter measurements works and valid only for certain range of speed, so in order to calculate and measure slower speeds or higher speed, user can decrease or increase the unit of measurement (e.g. change to half-miles or half-kilometres, or ten miles or ten kilometres). However, simple calculation is needed in order to get the correct average speed by using this technique. It’s also true if the length of the distance does not exceed a unit of mile or kilometre, or other unit, which the speed will be based on. For example, if we want to measure how fast the 200m athletes is running. Start the chronometer when the race starts, and stop the stopwatch when athlete crosses the finishing line. Let’s say the athlete used 20 seconds to finish 200m running, so according to tachymeter, the speed of the athlete is 180 km/h. However, the athlete only ran one fifth (1/5) of a kilometre, so we should divide 180 with 5 or 1/5 of 180, which mean the actual speed of the runner is 36 km per hour.The above example can be used for object or thing that moving too slowly too, as when the object travels 1 mile or 1 kilometre, the duration would have exceed 60 seconds, the maximum limit of tachymeter. So the possible workaround is to measure the time taken for the object to move a shorter distance (such as 100m) and divide the tachymeter value with 10 (as 100m is 1/10 of a kilometre).

Example: Swiss Military-Hanowa Navigator Pro, featuring a Tachymeter on the bezel showing speed of 160 km per hour.What if the object travels too fast, such as a rocket or plane? In this case, user can increase the units of the distance covered by the object to measure a longer period of time so that the duration is greater than at least 7.2 seconds (typically the lower limit). We can measure the time taken by the object to cover 10 miles, let’s say it took 30 seconds, so the tachymeter will tell us the speed is 120 miles per hour. However, 10 miles have been travelled, so that actual speed is 120 times 10, which is 1200 mph.

Gambar bawah ini adalah jam seiko helmet yang ada tachymeter. Keistimewaan helmet ini, tacchmeternya terletak pada inner ring, bukannya di bezel seperti bullhead6138-0040 atau 6138-0030.

1 comment:

  1. Still tak paham baca ni, kalau dapat penjelasan dalam BM dgn contoh kira2 (video) lebih baik. TK.